Abstract Submission

Topics for Abstract Submission

Materials science & Engineering basically involves the discovery and design of new materials. Many of the recent scientific problems people are facing is due to the limitations of the materials that are available and, as a result, major breakthroughs in materials science are going to affect the future of technology significantly. All the fields ranging from airplanes to musical instruments, energy resources related to eco-friendly manufacturing processes, medical instruments, computer chips to data storage devices and several others are made from materials.
Nanotechnology involves the handling of matters at atomic, molecular, and supramolecular level. The amazing aspect about nanotechnology is that the properties of various materials alter when the size scale of their dimensions approaches nanometers. In nanotechnology research the researchers tries to understand those property changes and utilize them for the processing and manufacturing of materials at the Nano level.
Polymers are the material of the new century and the productions of polymeric parts with green, sustainable, energy-efficient, high quality, and low price will mark the use of the finest solutions round the globe with equal access to all. It plays a key role in our lives because of its unique properties and extended applications in industries, packaging, sports, medicine, perfumes, plastics, fuels and preservatives.
Graphene is the foremost important material in nature. As it may function as conductors, semiconductors, or insulators. Electricity flows quickly through the simple honeycomb sheet. Most conductors we see are metals, yet Graphene is based on carbon, a nonmetal. Semiconducting devices can be mainly used to display a range of useful properties such as passing current more easily in one direction than the other, showing variable resistance, and sensitivity to light or heat.
Optics usually deals with the behavior and properties of light, including its interactions with the matter. Optics explains the behavior of visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light. Since light is an electromagnetic wave, other forms of electromagnetic radiation such as X-rays, microwaves, and radio waves exhibit similar properties. Photonics is closely related to optics as it’s a physical science of light (photon).
The purpose of Nanotechnology in medicine ranges from the medical applications of various nanomaterials and biological devices to biosensors, and applications of molecular nanotechnology such as biological machines in the near future. Current issues which are involved include the issues related to toxicity and environmental impact of nanoscale materials on which further researches are going.
Materials Chemistry is a booming field of both research and industrial area. It usually directs towards the architecture and amalgamation of materials of higher potential, using the concepts of Physical chemistry. These materials carry magnetic, electronic, catalytic or organic uniqueness. Structure plays an essential role in this stream. The materials have various types of structures, starting from the atomic level to the macro level.
Microfabrication and nanofabrication are the medium of development for almost all modern miniaturized equipment’s that are frequently used in our daily life. Since most of the current researches are geared towards the nanodomain, a proper understanding of the methods for fabricating micron-sized objects can guide our understanding of this research. Some of the devices includes computer chips and integrated sensors for monitoring our environment, cars, mobile phones, medical devices and several more.
Ceramics can be as soft as clay or as hard as stone and concretes. Usually, they are crystalline in form. The applications of Ceramics are spreading tremendously due to the recent advances in the field of medicines which includes bio-ceramics and others, ceramic engineering is a booming field. Ceramics being a multi-billion dollar a year industry, ceramics and research is an established field of science.
Energy is a part of Science in which materials technology plays an important role to meet the needs of the future environment. The rise in ecological problems such as storage of energy, generation, and conservation are the major driving forces of Energy Materials technology. There is a demand for developing a sustainable energy production and consumption to achieve socio-economic and environmental targets.
Smart Materials is a field that encompasses the spectrum of materials types and how to use them in manufacturing. Materials range from metals, ceramics, polymers (plastics), semiconductors, and combinations of materials called composites. Smart Materials are combinations of at least two different kind of materials, which enables the engineering of desired properties. Proper modeling and simulation help in controlling integrated system design of smart materials.
Biomaterials are natural or synthetic elements developed in the laboratory using various chemical approaches involving metallic components, polymers, ceramics or composite materials for medical applications. Biomaterials are fabricated to interact with the biological system either to treat or a diagnostic one. Biomaterials science forms the elements of medicine, biology, chemistry, tissue engineering, and materials science.
Electronic materials are basically used in electrical, electronics and microelectronics industries, and the items used for the building up of integrated circuits, circuit boards, packaging materials, communication cables, optical fibers, displays, and various controlling and monitoring devices. Electronic materials have been the basis for the current age technology and have been contributing to worldwide economic growth in a bigger way.
Advanced Functional Materials forms the basic as well as advanced research work from all branches of Physics, Applied Surface Sciences, Crystal growth, High energy density physics, Materials Chemistry and Physics. It is the study of all the materials we see in our surroundings. Materials Engineering forms a link between the sciences and engineering. It also allows the theory to be put into practice in a way which benefits everybody.
Green Materials is the development and design of products which reduces the hazards on the environment. It requires the engineers to find an alternative solution to problems considering the impacts of the solution on the external environment. By checking the relationships of the project with the environment, the engineer can avoid making undue environmental impacts.
The term Characterization used in the field of materials science signifies to the general process by which a material's and its properties are scanned and measured. It’s the most fundamental process without which no scientific understanding of materials engineering could be ascertained. The present century has shown major changes in the field leading to an increase in the understanding of different materials and their behavior.

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